Lumsdale Falls, nr Matlock, Derbys, UK

The Brook, formerly called "Lums", flows through a small wooded gorge of Lumsdale Valley and is notable for being the site of six now disused water wheels and three mill ponds - "perhaps the most concentrated evidence of early water power in Great Britain."The power of the stream was harnessed by generations of mills in the valley, operating over several centuries. In now overgrown ruins, Bone Mill can be dated to the 16th century, and was used to grind animal bones for fertiliser.

Photographer: John Chessum

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